By Tadeusz Kudra
Presents Drying Breakthroughs for an Array of Materials
Despite being one of many oldest, such a lot energy-intensive unit operations, business drying is likely to be the least scrutinized method on the microscopic point. but within the wake of today’s worldwide strength situation, drying study and improvement is at the upward push.
Following within the footsteps of the generally learn first version, Advanced Drying applied sciences, moment Edition is the direct final result of the new extra special development in drying literature and new drying undefined. This version presents an evaluative assessment of recent and rising drying applied sciences, whereas putting better emphasis on making the drying technique extra power effective within the green age.
Draws at the Authors’ 60+ Years of mixed Experience
Fueled by way of the present power situation and transforming into customer call for for superior caliber items, this completely up-to-date source addresses state-of-the-art drying applied sciences for varied fabrics reminiscent of high-valued, heat-sensitive prescription drugs, nutraceuticals, and a few meals. It additionally introduces cutting edge options, akin to heat-pump drying of meals, which enable either business perform and study and improvement tasks to save lots of power, decrease carbon footprints, and therefore increase the base line.
Four New Chapters:
- Fry Drying
- Refractance Window Drying
- Mechanical Thermal Expression
Requiring no previous wisdom of chemical engineering, this single-source reference may still help researchers in turning the laboratory curiosities of this day into the innovative novel drying applied sciences of tomorrow.
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Extra resources for Advanced drying technologies
5. 6. 4 TRENDS IN DRYING RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT It is extremely difficult, if not impossible, to make definitive statements about the direction drying technologies will take in the next several decades. Most of the developments in this field have occurred in the last three or four decades. As the general standard of living around the world rises along with the population of the world, it is obvious that the need for drying technologies will increase. New demands will be made on better energy efficiency, lower environmental impact via legislative measures, utilization of renewable energy for drying, better-quality products at lower total costs.
One or more of these objectives can be reached in several possible ways. , pulse combustion) Note that there is a cost associated with any additional complexity in the drying process. It is imperative to make a technoeconomic evaluation of conventional but more complex as well as newer (advanced) drying technologies before a final choice is made. The outcome will often depend on Value and production rate of the product Cost of electricity/fossil fuels (depends on time and geographic location of the plant) Risk assessment due to uncertainties of scale-up, life-cycle cost evaluation Choice of vendors, delivery times, and performance guarantees Expected variability in product characteristics as well as production rates as some techniques are not flexible as far as capacities are concerned Other factors may also need to be considered for specific applications.
Interestingly, quality products were obtained even when drying large size solid particles such as sliced parsley, onion, leeks, and apples. 1 BASIC FEATURES The term ‘‘impinging stream dryer’’ (ISD) refers to a class of flash dryers in which moisture evaporation from wet particles or liquid droplets occurs in the impingement zone that develops as a result of the ‘‘collision’’ of two oppositely directed high-velocity gas streams, at least one of which contains the dispersed material to be dried.
Advanced drying technologies by Tadeusz Kudra