By Niklas Luhmann
Synthesizing methods as disparate because the philosophy of language, historic linguistics, deconstruction, and formal structures theory/cybernetics, A platforms concept of Religion takes on vital subject matters that diversity from religion's that means and evolution to secularization, turning a long time of sociological assumptions on their head. It offers us with a clean vocabulary and a clean philosophical and sociological method of one in all society's such a lot basic phenomena.
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Additional info for A systems theory of religion
Or at least it has to retain some contact with it. This “humanistic” tradition is nonetheless endangered when it changes what it wishes to understand as “humanity,” as well as when it has to deal with a number of very different exemplars of the category. And when forming such ideas, it is difficult to do justice to every single human being. If, however, one questions this humanistic definition of religion, then one has to question the reduction of religion to a phenomenon of consciousness even more.
One may concede that it is still possible, and that it makes sense in the world of meaning, to retain the intention to observe the unity of the difference. But this sense takes on the form of a paradox, that fundamental paradox of the sameness of what is different. IV In observing how the world and the observer are unobservable, one has begun to observe religion. A few matters still have to be clarified, however. And some additional distinctions distinguished. The distinction between observer and world is different from the distinction between observer and observed, for it moves in the direction of the distinction between the observable and unobservable with which the world observes itself (though we do not know how).
Or put another way, that the system is an operatively closed system. 17 And thus the world is accessible to systems that process meaning only as a horizon—clearly not as a distinct line somehow drawn but instead as the implication of every single operation’s recursivity, of the operation’s ability to be identified. Meaning as a medium cannot, then, be negated. Indeed, if it is to be possible as an operation, every negation assumes that the negated is determined or assigned a meaning. The unity of meaning and non-meaning is in turn meaningful.
A systems theory of religion by Niklas Luhmann